Glossary of Judo terminology
Ritsu-rei (Standing bow)
The "Ritsu-rei" (Standing bow) is a bow performed from a standing posture.
Judo "Rei ni hajimari, rei ni owaru" (Beginning and ending with a bow of respect), and the importance of the spirit of respect is expressed in the dojo bows which are always performed before and after a practice session or a contest. To perform a Ritsu-rei (Standing bow), the contestant stands on the heels of both feet in a natural posture with back straight, then bends the upper body naturally forward by approximately 30-degrees. At this time, the fingers of both hands are lowered to the approximate height of the kneecaps.
Prior to a contest, the contestants stand facing each other at the red and white start lines, and then bow toward each other. At the end of the contest, they return to stand again at these start lines and wait for the decision. After the decision, they take one step back, and then bow toward each other.