Glossary of Judo waza (techniques) terms

Tomoe-nage (Circular throw)

Tomoe-nage (Circular throw)

Summary

This is a Sute mi waza (Sacrifice techniques) features a submarining technique.

Features of this Waza

The Tomoe-nage (Circular throw) Waza consists of submarining under the opponent and throwing him with a leg throw.
From the natural posture, Tori (Player executing technique) waits until Uke (Player receiving opponent's attack) makes a lateral move. At that moment, Tori (Player executing technique) bends his knee and kicks off, launching a forward roll with his body curled into a tight ball, and submarines beneath Uke (Player receiving opponent's attack).
Tori (Player executing technique) then places a foot against the upper part of Uke (Player receiving opponent's attack) thigh (where it joins the torso), and then uses the spring force of his bent knee to throw Uke (Player receiving opponent's attack) by kicking upward.
Tori (Player executing technique) uses his Tsurite (Lifting hand) and Hiki-te (Pulling hand) in tandem with his kicking force.

Waza details

The Tomoe-nage (Circular throw) is a Ma sutemi waza (Supine sacrifice techniques), and is used in both men's and women's competitions.
The kicking throw can be executed directly backward, or it can be executed laterally in conjunction with lateral motion. The lateral type throw is more common in competition.
The lateral type throw favors smaller combatants because the submarining maneuver is relatively easier for them to perform. It is therefore executed more often in the lightweight divisions.

Waza usage tip

  • In the lateral type throw, the Tsurite (Lifting hand) moves in a large semi-circular motion to destabilize and throw the opponent.
  • Because the Tomoe-nage (Circular throw) is often followed by an Osae komi waza (Hold-down techniques) Waza, the attacker must adopt an Osae komi waza (Hold-down techniques) posture immediately after the throw.