Glossary of Judo waza (techniques) terms

Ude-garami (Entangled arm lock)

Ude-garami (Entangled arm lock)

Summary

This is one of the Kansetsu waza (Joint locks), and it targets the opponent's elbow.

Features of this Waza

The Ude-garami (Entangled arm lock) Waza targets the opponent's elbow joint.

Waza details

Tori (Player executing technique) grabs the wrist of Uke (Player receiving opponent's attack) extended arm. With his other hand, Tori (Player executing technique) then runs his other arm beneath the elbow of Uke (Player receiving opponent's attack) arm (the grasped-wrist arm) and clasps his other hand (the hand that is holding Uke (Player receiving opponent's attack) wrist).
The above maneuvers are performed with the backs of both hands facing upward. Tori (Player executing technique) then lifts the arm which he passed beneath Uke (Player receiving opponent's attack) arm, while lowering the hand which is holding Uke (Player receiving opponent's attack) wrist. In accordance with the "lever principle", this effectively locks Uke (Player receiving opponent's attack) elbow joint.
In actual competition, the Ude-garami (Entangled arm lock) Waza is often transitioned to when the opponent extends an arm to resist an Osae komi waza (Hold-down techniques) such as the Yoko-shiho-gatame (Side four-corner hold) etc. Conversely, the Ude-garami (Entangled arm lock) can be used as a feint when transitioning to an Osae komi waza (Hold-down techniques).
The Ude-garami (Entangled arm lock) waza can be used from various postures (lying sideways or standing, etc.), and a "Maitta" (Give up) can be expected the moment the elbow joint is locked.