Fall breaking is employed to prevent injury and minimize the pain when a contestant falls or is thrown by an opponent. Fall breaking includes front, back, right, and left break falls, and a forward roll break fall. In addition to being a basic component of throwing techniques, fall breaking is also a fundamental part of all Judo techniques, and is therefore of the highest importance.
Break fall drills begin gently and from low postures, and are gradually performed faster and from higher postures. Finally, they are performed during actual movement.
Back break fall
Begin with the both arms extended forward at shoulder height. Go into a crouching posture and fall backwards onto your rounded back with both arms on the mat. To prevent impact shocks to the head at this time, raise the head forward as if looking at your belt.
Side break fall
Step forward with the left leg and extend the right arm outward from the side at shoulder height. Advance the right foot as if swept out by a foot sweep. Allow the foot to continue upward, following through with right arm while falling sideways. Bend the left leg at the knee, and strike the mat with the right arm to dissipate the impact, with the feet up and together.
Forward break fall
Fall forward with the body extended and strike with both hands to dissipate the impact.
Forward roll break fall
Bring both hands and the right foot forward simultaneously, push strongly forward from both feet and tuck the right arm inward when entering the roll. Strike the mat with the left hand as the feet make contact with the mat.