Glossary of Judo terminology

Ne waza (Ground techniques)

Ne waza (Ground techniques)

"Ne-waza" (Ground techniques) are part of the Katame-waza (Grappling techniques) group, and they include Osae komi waza (Hold-down techniques) and Kansetsu waza (Joint locks). As the name implies, these Waza are performed on the ground, and are used to hold an opponent down and disable his movement.
The representative Ne waza (Ground techniques) include the Kesa-gatame (Scarf hold) in which the Tori (Player executing technique) upper body covers the supine Uke (Player receiving opponent's attack) from one side, the Shiho-gatame (Four-corner hold) in which Tori (Player executing technique)  covers the supine Uke (Player receiving opponent's attack) with his own upper body to hold him down, and the Juji-jime (Cross strangle) in which Tori (Player executing technique) grasps both Uke (Player receiving opponent's attack)'s collar with hands crossed in a strangle hold.
A Kansetsu waza (Joint locks) in which the opponent's elbow joint is bent backwards could cause an injury, and is therefore prohibited under the junior rules.