Glossary of Judo terminology
An "individual contest" refers to a contest between two individuals. Judo has both "individual contests" and "team contests". Unlike team contests, Individual contests are held to allow contestants to test their personal skills.
Moreover, the purpose of "individual contests" is to foster a wider base of contestants who can compete in large competitions. Promotion tests in men's Judo are determined by individual contests, with promotion being awarded to a contestant who defeats 6 consecutive competitors in Kodokan Ko-haku contests.