Glossary of Judo terminology

Katame-waza (Grappling techniques)

Katame-waza (Grappling techniques)

Katame-waza (Grappling techniques) refers to the Ne waza (Ground techniques) which are applied while the opponent is lying on the floor, as opposed to Tachi-waza (Standing techniques) which are applied from a standing posture. The Ne waza (Ground techniques) consist of Kansetsu waza (Joint locks), Shime waza (Strangling techniques), and Osae komi waza (Hold-down techniques).
The Kodokan Katame-waza (Grappling techniques) include 7 Osae komi waza (Hold-down techniques), 12 Shime waza (Strangling techniques), and 10 Kansetsu waza (Joint locks). Joint lock techniques other than the elbow joint lock will draw a penalty, and the Ashi-garami (Entangled leg lock) is prohibited due to the risk of knee injuries.
The following Shime waza (Strangling techniques) are prohibited: a strangle applied to any part of the body other than the neck, a strangle applied directly with the fingers, a strangle which is performed by wringing the belt or the uniform, and a Do-jime (Body scissors). Regulations regarding junior age groups Kansetsu waza (Joint locks) and the Sankaku-jime (Triangular strangle).