Glossary of Judo terms

Glossary of Judo terminology

Judo Terms

A-B
Aiyotsu (Same grip used by both persons)
All Japan Judo Championship
All Japan Judo Federation
Ashi waza (Foot or leg techniques)
Awase-waza (Combination of two Waza-aris)
Back of the collar
Basic philosophy of junior age group regulations
Belt
Belt front
Belt sides
Black belt
Blue Judo uniforms and white Judo uniforms
Both sleeves & Both lapels
Budokan
C-H
Center of gravity
Chui (Light penalty)
Dojo (Training hall)
Doping
Forbidden items
Go no sen (Counterattack style judo)
Grappling
Gripping techniques
Hansoku-make(Defeat by grave infringement or accumulated light penalties)
Harau (Sweeping technique)
Henka (Change)
Hiki-te (Pulling hand)
I-J
IJF (International Judo Federation)
IJF rules
Inasu (Deflection of opponent's attack)
Individual competition
Inner sleeve
Ippon gachi (Win by ippon)
Jita kyoei (Mutual benefit)
Jonai / Jogai(Inside / Outside contest area)
Ju yoku go wo seisu (Softness subdues hardness)
Judgment of a technique
Judo referee regulations
Jujutsu
K
Kaeshi-waza (Counter techniques)
Kagami biraki (Spiritual renewal)
Kakari geiko (Continuous attack practice)
Kan geiko (Winter training)
Kansetsu waza (Joint locks)
Kappo (Resuscitation method)
Kari ashi (Foot sweep)
Katame-waza (Grappling techniques)
Keikoku (Warning)
Kenka yotsu (Asymmetrical grips by the two opponents)
Kime waza (Scoring techniques)
Kodokan (Judo institute in Tokyo where Judo was founded)
Kodokan rules
Koka (Effect / Minor score)
Koshi waza (Hip techniques)
Kuzushi (Balance breaking)
Kyu (Grade)
L-P
Lapel area
Maitta (Give up)
Match time
Matches by weight class
Mate (Wait)
Ne waza (Ground techniques)
Open weight division
Osae komi waza (Hold-down techniques)
Prohibitions regarding junior age groups (Kansetsu waza, Shime waza, Katame waza)
Prohibitions regarding junior age groups (Tachi shobu, Nage waza)
R
Randori (Free sparring)
Referees
Regulations for female competitors
Regulations regarding junior age groups
Rei ni hajimari, rei ni owaru (Beginning and ending with a bow of respect)
Reiho (Etiquette)
Renraku waza (Combination of several techniques)
Ritsu-rei (Standing bow)
Rules violations and points
S
Seiryoku zenyo (Maximum efficiency)
Shido (Instruction / Light penalty)
Shodan (Promotion)
Single sleeve & Single collar
Soremade (Time up)
Stun
Sukasu (Evasion)
Support leg
Suri ashi (Footwork)
Sute geiko (Freestyle practice)
Sute mi waza(Sacrifice techniques)
T
Tachi-waza (Standing techniques)
Tai-sabaki(Body shifting / Body control)
Team competition
Te waza (Hand techniques)
The Jigoro Kano Cup
Three-person uchikomi(Three-person training)
Toketa (Hold-down broken)
Tori (Player executing technique)
Tsukuri and Kake (Set-up to execute technique / Execution of techniques)
Tsurite (Lifting hand)
Two-person uchikomi (Two-person training)
U-Z
Uchikomi (Repetition training)
Uke (Player receiving opponent's attack)
Ukemi (Break fall)
Uratori (Counter techniques)
Waza (Techniques)
Weighing
Weight class
World junior championship
Yakusoku geiko (Agreed-upon practice)
Yuko (Effective / Moderate advantage)
Zanshin (Awareness)
Zarei (Seated bow)