Glossary of Judo waza (techniques) terms

O-goshi (Large hip throw)

O-goshi (Large hip throw)

Summary

This is the Waza on which all Koshi waza (Hip techniques) are based.

Features of this Waza

The O-goshi (Large hip throw) consists of throwing the opponent over your hip and to the floor.

Waza details

From the natural posture, Tori (Player executing technique) releases his Tsurite (Lifting hand) and extends it around under Uke (Player receiving opponent's attack) armpit to his back.
Tori (Player executing technique) then quickly grasps the back of Uke (Player receiving opponent's attack) belt, spins his body around while pulling Uke (Player receiving opponent's attack) waist against his back.
With his waist lower than Uke (Player receiving opponent's attack), he pulls Uke (Player receiving opponent's attack) onto his hip and then rotates to throw him down.
The footwork during this throw is the same as that during the Seoi-nage (Shoulder throw).
During actual competition, this Waza often begins by stepping forward from the side (rather than from a head-on stance), and with the hip then being pushed against the opponent. This Waza is effective when there is some distance between the two combatants, as when in a Kenka yotsu (Asymmetrical grips by the two opponents) stance (asymmetrical grips by the two opponents), etc., where other Waza are unfeasible.
Although the use of this Waza is infrequent in actual competition, it is a fundamental Waza for all Judo ranks, and its history is an old one.

Waza usage tip

  • When reaching around the opponent's waist to grasp the back of his belt, weaker combatants reach beneath the opponent's armpit. Stronger combatants, on the other hand, may reach around the outside of the opponent's arm.
  • Once he has grasped the back of Uke (Player receiving opponent's attack) belt, Tori (Player executing technique) must bend the elbow of that arm and pull Uke (Player receiving opponent's attack) snugly against his hip.