Glossary of Judo waza (techniques) terms

Harai-goshi (Hip sweep)

Harai-goshi (Hip sweep)

Summary

This Koshi waza (Hip techniques) consists of sweeping the opponents legs out from under him.

Features of this Waza

The Harai-goshi (Hip sweep) destabilizes the opponent's balance in the forward direction, then sweeps his legs out from under him in a sudden motion.

Waza details

This Waza begins with Tori (Player executing technique) Tsurite (Lifting hand) grasping Uke (Player receiving opponent's attack) near his collarbone, and his Hiki-te (Pulling hand) grasping Uke (Player receiving opponent's attack) near his elbow.
While lifting his pulling hand, Tori (Player executing technique) steps toward Uke (Player receiving opponent's attack) and spins around, pulling Uke (Player receiving opponent's attack) against his back.
Using both his lifting and pulling hands to destabilize Uke (Player receiving opponent's attack) balance toward the front, Tori (Player executing technique) then sweeps Uke (Player receiving opponent's attack) feet out from under him at the ankle area.
Although Tori (Player executing technique) has only a one-legged stance after bringing Uke (Player receiving opponent's attack) onto his hip, he is able to throw Uke (Player receiving opponent's attack) by swiveling his hips and sweeping Uke (Player receiving opponent's attack) feet and hips out from under him in a sudden motion.
The Harai-goshi (Hip sweep) Waza is used by both men and women without regard to rank, and can frequently be seen in competition.
Lightweight combatants rely on speed to execute this Waza, and heavier combatants rely on power.

Waza usage tip

  • When executing the foot sweep, it is helpful to picture the ankle level foot sweep being executed by using back of your knees.
  • The Hiki-te (Pulling hand) force must be sufficient to keep the opponent's body snugly against yours.