Glossary of Judo waza (techniques) terms

Yoko-shiho-gatame (Side four-corner hold)

Yoko-shiho-gatame (Side four-corner hold)

Summary

This is an upper body Osae komi waza (Hold-down techniques).

Features of this Waza

In the Yoko-shiho-gatame (Side four-corner hold) Waza, Tori (Player executing technique) lies crossways over Uke (Player receiving opponent's attack) upper body to hold him down.

Waza details

This Waza depends on how well you can control the opponent's upper body.
Tori (Player executing technique) begins by wrapping an arm around the back of Uke (Player receiving opponent's attack) neck to grasp his collar, and then bends slightly forward and uses his arm and upper body to pin Uke (Player receiving opponent's attack) from his shoulder to jaw.
This leaves only one direction of escape available to Uke (Player receiving opponent's attack), putting Tori (Player executing technique) in a very advantageous position.
While pinning Uke (Player receiving opponent's attack) upper body, Tori (Player executing technique) extends his other arm between Uke (Player receiving opponent's attack) legs and grasps Uke (Player receiving opponent's attack) pants at the back of his thigh.
Tori (Player executing technique) also bends the knee which is nearest to Uke (Player receiving opponent's attack) and presses it firmly against Uke (Player receiving opponent's attack) armpit, while extending his other leg for balance as he maintains this hold-down posture.
This Yoko-shiho-gatame (Side four-corner hold) Waza can also be performed by grasping Uke (Player receiving opponent's attack) Belt and pinning down his abdominal area.
Uke (Player receiving opponent's attack) may try to escape by grasping the back of Tori (Player executing technique) Belt with his free hand and adopting a bridge posture while rotating Tori (Player executing technique). As this maneuver is frequently used in actual competition, Tori (Player executing technique) must be on guard against it.